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Space News From SpaceDaily.Com

Space News from SpaceDaily.Com brings the space industry professional daily news from the frontier, with contract, bid, launch and on-orbit satellite news as it happens. Comprehensive daily news resource on space science and industry. Includes updated overview of news from multiple sources.



Astronomers Reveal Secrets of Most Distant Supernova  

Southampton, UK (SPX) Feb 21, 2018 An international team of astronomers led by the University of Southampton has confirmed the discovery of the most distant supernova ever detected - a huge cosmic explosion that took place 10.5 billion years ago, or three-quarters the age of the universe itself. The exploding star, named DES16C2nm, was detected by the Dark Energy Survey (DES) (an internati

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2018-02-21 08:44:59



Ecosystem For Near-Earth Space Control  

Bethesda, MD (SPX) Feb 20, 2018 In just two months, at the 34th Space Symposium, the space community will hear about a possible game-changing discovery that may create a new paradigm for near-Earth space control. On April 18th, in the International Center, South at the Broadmoor Hotel, Dr. Marshall Kaplan, Co-Founder and CTO of Launchspace Technologies Corporation will present his patented concept entitled, "Inclination Zero -

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2018-02-21 08:37:19



Laser-ranged satellite measurement now accurately reflects Earth's tidal perturbations  

Washington DC (SPX) Feb 21, 2018 Tides on Earth have a far-reaching influence, including disturbing satellites' measurements by affecting their motion. This disturbance can be studied using a model for the gravitational potential of the Earth, taking into account the fact that Earth's shape is not spherical. The LAser RElativity Satellite (LARES), is the best ever relevant test particle to move in the Earth's gravitationa

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2018-02-21 07:47:39



New models give insight into the heart of the Rosette Nebula  

Leeds UK (SPX) Feb 20, 2018 A hole at the heart of a stunning rose-like interstellar cloud has puzzled astronomers for decades. But new research, led by the University of Leeds, offers an explanation for the discrepancy between the size and age of the Rosetta Nebula's central cavity and that of its central stars. The Rosette Nebula is located in the Milky Way Galaxy roughly 5,000 light-years from Earth and is known f

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2018-02-21 07:02:36



U.S., Israel test Arrow 3 missile system  

Washington (UPI) Feb 20, 2018 The United States and Israel successfully tested the Arrow 3 weapons system to defend against ballistic missiles. Israel Aerospace Industries, in collaboration with the Israeli air force and the United States' Missile Defense Agency, conducted the test at 2:30 a.m. Monday at an unidentified site in central Israel, the U.S. Defense Department said in a release. The Israeli Ministr

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2018-02-21 06:45:31



NASA's James Webb Space Telescope to Reveal Secrets of the Red Planet  

Baltimore, MD (SPX) Feb 21, 2018 The planet Mars has fascinated scientists for over a century. Today, it is a frigid desert world with a carbon dioxide atmosphere 100 times thinner than Earth's. But evidence suggests that in the early history of our solar system, Mars had an ocean's worth of water. NASA's James Webb Space Telescope will study Mars to learn more about the planet's transition from wet to dry, and what that means

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2018-02-21 06:35:48



Friction found where there should be none: In superfluids near absolute zero  

Helsinki, Finland (SPX) Feb 20, 2018 Understanding the causes and effects of the friction could pave the way for explorations into the composition of neutron stars and our universe. Here on Earth, the Aalto researchers' results will be invaluable for curtailing the production of heat and unwanted glitches in quantum computer components. "For now, we have to study the phenomenon itself more in depth, before we can have insight

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2018-02-21 04:53:06



Overabundance of massive stars in the Tarantula Nebula  

Canary Islands, Spain (SPX) Feb 20, 2018 Lead author Fabian Schneider, a Hintze Research Fellow in the University of Oxford's Department of Physics, said: "We were astonished when we realised that 30 Doradus has formed many more massive stars than expected." As part of the VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey (VFTS), the team used ESO's Very Large Telescope to observe nearly 1,000 massive stars in 30 Doradus, a gigantic stellar nursery al

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2018-02-21 04:17:14



Lockheed Martin Completes Assembly on Arabsat's Newest Communications Satellite  

Denver CO (SPX) Feb 21, 2018 A new, high-capacity communications satellite that will deliver TV, internet and mobile phone services to the Middle East, Africa and Europe is one step closer to launch. Lockheed Martin has completed assembly on the Arabsat-6A satellite, which was recently shipped to its Sunnyvale, California facility to begin a comprehensive series of tests to ensure the satellite is ready for operations in or

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2018-02-21 04:11:44



Stellar winds behaving unexpectedly  

Paris (ESA) Feb 20, 2018 ESA's XMM-Newton has spotted surprising changes in the powerful streams of gas from two massive stars, suggesting that colliding stellar winds don't behave as expected. Massive stars - several times larger than our Sun - lead turbulent lives, burning their nuclear fuel rapidly and pouring large amounts of material into their surroundings throughout their short but sparkling lives. Th

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2018-02-21 03:56:44



Bringing a hidden superconducting state to light  

Upton NY (SPX) Feb 20, 2018 A team of scientists has detected a hidden state of electronic order in a layered material containing lanthanum, barium, copper, and oxygen (LBCO). When cooled to a certain temperature and with certain concentrations of barium, LBCO is known to conduct electricity without resistance, but now there is evidence that a superconducting state actually occurs above this temperature too. It was just a

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2018-02-21 03:18:28



Opportunity Continues to Benefit from Dust Cleaning of the Solar Panels  

Pasadena CA (JPL) Feb 21, 2018 Opportunity is continuing the exploration of "Perseverance Valley" on the west rim of Endeavour Crater. The rover is positioned on the north fork of a local flow channel about half way down the valley. Improved energy levels from dust cleaning of the solar arrays continues to benefit activity on the rover. On Sol 4992 (Feb. 7, 2018), Opportunity was able to perform an overnight Alpha

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2018-02-21 03:16:14



"Ultramassive" Black Holes Discovered in Far-Off Galaxies  

Montreal, Canada (SPX) Feb 21, 2018 Thanks to data collected by NASA's Chandra X-ray telescope on galaxies up to 3.5 billion light-years away from Earth, an international team of astrophysicists was able to detect what is likely to be the most massive black holes ever discovered in the universe. The team's calculations showed that these "ultramassive" black holes are growing faster than the stars in their respective galaxies.

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2018-02-21 02:46:16



Pulsating aurora mysteries uncovered with help from THEMIS and ERG missions  

Greenbelt MD (SPX) Feb 21, 2018 Sometimes on a dark night near the poles, the sky pulses a diffuse glow of green, purple and red. Unlike the long, shimmering veils of typical auroral displays, these pulsating auroras are much dimmer and less common. While scientists have long known auroras to be associated with solar activity, the precise mechanism of pulsating auroras was unknown. Now, new research, using data from NASA

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2018-02-21 02:46:08



No Relation Between a Supermassive Black Hole and Its Host Galaxy  

Tokyo, Japan (SPX) Feb 21, 2018 Using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) to observe an active galaxy with a strong ionized gas outflow from the galactic center, a team led by Dr. Yoshiki Toba of the Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics (ASIAA, Taiwan) has obtained a result making astronomers even more puzzled - the team clearly detected carbon monoxide (CO) gas that is associated with th

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2018-02-21 01:15:14



News about Tabby's star, the most mysterious star of 2017  

Canary Islands, Spain (SPX) Feb 20, 2018 KIC 8462852, or "Tabby's Star" named after Tabetha Boyajian, the researcher at Louisiana State University (USA) who is leading its study, is a medium sized star, some 50% bigger than the Sun, and 1,000 degrees hotter, at a distance of around 1000 light years. However its brightness has been rising and falling sporadically, without a known explanation. Many theories and speculations of different

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2018-02-20 08:11:58



CALIFA renews the classification of galaxies  

Canary Islands, Spain (SPX) Feb 20, 2018 The objects within galaxies have two basic types of motions: orbiting around the galaxy centre in a regular organized disc, or in orbits oriented at random without a clear direction of rotaiton. If we imagined that galaxies behave in the same way as the Solar System we could think that as the objects move further away from the centre their orbital velocities decrease. However this is not n

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2018-02-20 08:08:42



Iridium Certus broadband readies for DOD wsers with COMSAT  

McLean VA (SPX) Feb 20, 2018 Iridium Communications Inc. reports that COMSAT, Inc., has signed an agreement to become an Iridium Certus service provider for U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) users. This unique, long-term deal will allow COMSAT Inc. to provide Iridium's secure global satellite broadband connectivity for mobile voice and data services to the Department of Defense (DoD) beginning in mid-2018. COMSAT, Inc.

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2018-02-20 07:46:21



Satellite galaxies of Centaurus A are on a coordinated dance  

Washington DC (SPX) Feb 20, 2018 The satellite dwarf galaxies orbiting around the much larger galaxy Centaurus A are rotating in synchrony around their host, to researchers' surprise. (Researchers expected them to orbit at random). The results contradict simulations based on standard cosmology, which predict that fewer than 1% of satellite systems should exhibit this synchronous behavior. Because our own Milky Way and the

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2018-02-20 07:17:01



UMass Amherst physicists speed up droplet-wrapping process  

Amherst MA (SPX) Feb 16, 2018 Experimental physicists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst has reported that they have developed a fast, dynamic new process for wrapping liquid droplets in ultrathin polymer sheets, so what once was a painstaking process taking tens of minutes can now be done in a fraction of a second. Physics professor Narayanan Menon, with current postdoctoral researcher Deepak Kumar, former pos

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2018-02-20 06:52:13



Artificial intelligence poses questions for nature of war: Mattis  

Washington (AFP) Feb 18, 2018 Artificial intelligence and its impact on weapons of the future has made US Defense Secretary Jim Mattis doubt his own theories on warfare. A question on the subject prompted the retired Marine general to give an impromptu seminar on his theory of war Saturday to reporters returning with him from a week-long tour of Europe. Recalling his own writings, he differentiated between the essent

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2018-02-20 06:16:16



Ensuring fresh air for all  

Paris (ESA) Feb 20, 2018 A start-up company from an ESA business incubator is offering affordable air-quality monitors for homes, schools and businesses using technology it developed for the International Space Station. "We realised that the problem astronauts face with limited of exchange of air inside the International Space Station is also the case for many people inside buildings that have little or no ventila

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2018-02-20 05:56:08



New hole-punched crystal clears a path for quantum light  

College Park MD (SPX) Feb 20, 2018 Optical highways for light are at the heart of modern communications. But when it comes to guiding individual blips of light called photons, reliable transit is far less common. Now, a collaboration of researchers from the University of Maryland's Joint Quantum Institute (JQI), led by Associate Professor Mohammad Hafezi and Professor Edo Waks, has created a photonic chip that both generates sing

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2018-02-20 05:45:15



Defying US, Paris and Berlin stand firm on EU defence pact  

Munich, Germany (AFP) Feb 16, 2018 Europe must be able to stand on its own feet militarily, France and Germany said Friday as they made the case for a new EU defence pact that has rattled Washington. In opening remarks at the Munich Security Conference, French Defence Minister Florence Parly and her German counterpart Ursula von der Leyen said the EU plan posed no threat to NATO. But they stressed that the European Union

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2018-02-20 04:47:32



Light pollution threatens Chile's dark skies  

Paranal, Chile (AFP) Feb 17, 2018 It seems nothing can escape the inexorable spread of light pollution - not even the giant telescopes probing the heavens above northern Chile, a region whose pristine dark skies, long considered a paradise for astronomers, are under increasing threat. The Atacama desert, 1,200 kilometers (750 miles) north of the capital Santiago, provides ideal conditions where astronomers study the stars i

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2018-02-20 04:15:50



A new way of generating ultra-short bursts of light  

Stanford CA (SPX) Feb 20, 2018 Although critical for varied applications, such as cutting and welding, surgery and transmitting bits through optical fiber, lasers have some limitations - namely, they only produce light in limited wavelength ranges. Now, researchers from the Ginzton Lab at Stanford University have modified similar light sources, called optical parametric oscillators, to overcome this obstacle. Until now,

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2018-02-20 03:42:34



Cyberattacks are costly, and things could get worse: US report  

Washington (AFP) Feb 16, 2018 Cyberattacks cost the United States between $57 billion and $109 billion in 2016, a White House report said Friday, warning of a "spillover" effect for the broader economy if the situation worsens. A report by the White House Council of Economic Advisers sought to quantify what it called "malicious cyber activity directed at private and public entities" including denial of service attacks, d

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2018-02-20 03:05:23



New study challenges popular theory about dwarf galaxies  

Canberra, Australia (SPX) Feb 20, 2018 A new international study involving The Australian National University (ANU) has found a plane of dwarf galaxies orbiting around Centaurus A in a discovery that challenges a popular theory about how dwarf galaxies are spread around the Universe. Co-researcher Associate Professor Helmut Jerjen from ANU said astronomers had previously observed planes of dwarf galaxies whirling around our gal

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2018-02-20 02:44:15



New technology can help scientists peer into deep space  

Canberra, Australia (SPX) Feb 20, 2018 A team of Australian scientists, including researchers from The Australian National University (ANU), have found a new way to use the telecommunications network to synchronise radio telescopes, which help scientists peer into deep space. Linking radio telescopes in an array currently requires that each telescope has access to an atomic clock to record the precise time when a signal is dete

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2018-02-20 02:37:38



Astrophysicists Warn Us Against Opening Malicious E.T. Messages  

Moscow (Sputnik) Feb 16, 2018 The idea of receiving some useful information from extra-terrestrial life-forms has long fascinated humanity and even inspired books and films, such as Contact (1997). However, there are those who have warned against trusting alien signals too much. According to the results of the recent research there is a high chance that the messages that we receive from the deep space can carry content

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2018-02-19 07:52:29



NASA's Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite arrives at KSC for launch  

Greenbelt MD (SPX) Feb 16, 2018 NASA's next planet-hunting mission has arrived in Florida to begin preparations for launch. The Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) is scheduled to launch on a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station nearby NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida no earlier than April 16, pending range approval. TESS was delivered Feb. 12 aboard a truck from Orbital ATK in Dull

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2018-02-19 06:49:56



Towards a better prediction of solar eruptions  

Paris, France (SPX) Feb 13, 2018 Just one phenomenon may underlie all solar eruptions, according to researchers from the CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, CEA and INRIA[1] in an article featured on the cover of the February 8 issue of Nature magazine. They have identified the presence of a confining 'cage' in which a magnetic rope[2] forms, causing solar eruptions. It is the resistance of this cage to the attack of the rope that

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2018-02-19 06:46:19



Rotating dusty gaseous donut around an active supermassive black hole  

Tokyo, Japan (SPX) Feb 15, 2018 Almost all galaxies hold concealed monstrous black holes in their centers. Researchers have known for a long time that the more massive the galaxy is, the more massive the central black hole is. This sounds reasonable at first, but host galaxies are 10 billion times bigger than the central black holes; it should be difficult for two objects of such vastly different scales to directly affect each

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2018-02-19 06:20:19



Captured electrons excite nuclei to higher energy states  

Lemont IL (SPX) Feb 15, 2018 For the first time, physicists from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory and their collaborators, led by a team from the U.S. Army Research Laboratory, demonstrated a long-theorized nuclear effect. This advance tests theoretical models that describe how nuclear and atomic realms interact and may also provide new insights into how star elements are created. Phys

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2018-02-19 05:58:06



Asteroid 'time capsules' may help explain how life started on Earth  

Atlanta GA (SPX) Feb 19, 2018 In popular culture, asteroids play the role of apocalyptic threat, get blamed for wiping out the dinosaurs - and offer an extraterrestrial source for mineral mining. But for researcher Nicholas Hud, asteroids play an entirely different role: that of time capsules showing what molecules originally existed in our solar system. Having that information gives scientists the starting point they

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2018-02-19 05:37:57



Prototype dish for SKA super telescope assembled in China  

Shijiazhuang (XNA) Feb 12, 2018 The first fully assembled dish for the Square Kilometer Array (SKA) radio telescope was unveiled Tuesday in Shijiazhuang, capital of north China's Hebei Province. The SKA, an international effort to build the world's largest radio telescope using arrays in Australia and South Africa, is not a single telescope, but a collection of telescopes or instruments, called an array, to be spread ove

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2018-02-19 05:36:17



Tracking a typhoon's seismic footprint  

Princeton NJ (SPX) Feb 16, 2018 Climatologists are often asked, "Is climate change making hurricanes stronger?" but they can't give a definitive answer because the global hurricane record only goes back to the dawn of the satellite era. But now, an intersection of disciplines - seismology, atmospheric sciences, and oceanography - offers an untapped data source: the continuous seismic record, which dates back to the early 20th

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2018-02-19 05:01:01



Pentagon looks to counter rivals' hypersonic missiles  

Washington (AFP) Feb 15, 2018 Even as the Pentagon hustles to ensure that its defenses keep pace with North Korea's fast-growing rocket program, US officials increasingly are turning attention to a new generation of missile threat. These weapons under development by China and Russia - as well as by the United States - can fly at many times the speed of sound and are designed to beat regular anti-missile defense systems

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2018-02-19 02:57:07



Humans will actually react pretty well to news of alien life  

Tempe AZ (SPX) Feb 19, 2018 As humans reach out technologically to see if there are other life forms in the universe, one important question needs to be answered: When we make contact, how are we going to handle it? Will we feel threatened and react in horror? Will we embrace it? Will we even understand it? Or, will we shrug it off as another thing we have to deal with in our increasingly fast-paced world? "If we cam

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2018-02-19 02:43:58



Orbital ATK contracted for testing of drone missile targets  

Washington (UPI) Feb 15, 2018 Orbital ATK has been awarded a contract by the U.S. Navy for development, testing and evaluation of the Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division Ground Launch Drone Missile, or GQM-163A. The contract, announced Wednesday by the Department of Defense, is valued at $79.4 million under a cost-plus-fixed-fee indefinite-delivery indefinite-quantity contract for operation and maintenance sup

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2018-02-19 02:21:04



Japanese, US astronauts end spacewalk to fix robotic arm  

Washington (AFP) Feb 16, 2018 A Japanese and an American astronaut floated for hours outside the International Space Station Friday on a spacewalk to repair the orbiting outpost's robotic arm and move some equipment into storage. The spacewalk, broadcast live on NASA TV, was the first for Japanese Aerospace Agency (JAXA) astronaut Norishige Kanai, and the fourth for his US counterpart Mark Vande Hei. "You have been d

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2018-02-19 02:11:15



Ball Aerospace Delivers Flight Cryocooler Early for NASA's Landsat Mission  

Boulder CO (SPX) Feb 16, 2018 Ball Aerospace delivered the TIRS-2 Flight Cryocooler for the Landsat 9 TIRS-2 instrument ahead of schedule to NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). Achieving this milestone early will allow GSFC additional time and options during the instrument integration and test phase. For more than 45 years, Landsat Earth-observing satellite missions have gathered multispectral imagery from space

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2018-02-19 01:16:06



Oppy Takes A Selfie To Mark Sol 5000  

Pasadena CA (JPL) Feb 16, 2018 The Sun will rise on NASA's solar-powered Mars rover Opportunity for the 5,000th time on Saturday, sending rays of energy to a golf-cart-size robotic field geologist that continues to provide revelations about the Red Planet. "Five thousand sols after the start of our 90-sol mission, this amazing rover is still showing us surprises on Mars," said Opportunity Project Manager John Callas, of

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2018-02-16 17:06:18



University Holds Tenth Annual Space Horizons Workshop  

Providence RI (SPX) Feb 13, 2018 This past weekend, students, faculty and aerospace professionals gathered in Barus and Holley to participate in the tenth annual Space Horizons workshop. The event focused on the industry's shift toward the private sector, a change that has become increasingly prevalent in recent years. The workshop was designed to provide an informal setting for conversation and interaction with the audie

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2018-02-16 07:52:26



Scientists make first direct observation of electron frolic  

Tokyo, Japan (SPX) Feb 15, 2018 The shower of electrons bouncing across Earth's magnetosphere - commonly known as the Northern Lights - has been directly observed for the first time by an international team of scientists. While the cause of these colorful auroras has long been hypothesized, researchers had never directly observed the underlying mechanism until now. The spectacle of these subatomic showers is legendary. G

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2018-02-16 07:40:33



Last NASA Communications Satellite of its Kind Joins Fleet  

Greenbelt MD (SPX) Feb 16, 2018 NASA has begun operating the last satellite of its kind in the network that provides communications and tracking services to more than 40 NASA missions, including critical, real-time communication with the International Space Station. Following its August launch and a five-month period of in-orbit testing, the third-generation Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS), referred to as TDRS-M until

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2018-02-16 07:11:09



NASA's Lunar Outpost will Extend Human Presence in Deep Space  

Washington DC (SPX) Feb 16, 2018 As NASA sets its sights on returning to the Moon, and preparing for Mars, the agency is developing new opportunities in lunar orbit to provide the foundation for human exploration deeper into the solar system. For months, the agency has been studying an orbital outpost concept in the vicinity of the Moon with U.S. industry and the International Space Station partners. As part of the fiscal year

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2018-02-16 07:04:24



Five Years after the Chelyabinsk Meteor: NASA Leads Efforts in Planetary Defense  

Pasadena CA (JPL) Feb 16, 2018 A blinding flash, a loud sonic boom, and shattered glass everywhere. This is what the people of Chelyabinsk, Russia, experienced five years ago when an asteroid exploded over their city the morning of Feb. 15, 2013. The house-sized asteroid entered the atmosphere over Chelyabinsk at over eleven miles per second and blew apart 14 miles above the ground. The explosion released the energy equ

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2018-02-16 06:57:16



Mars Rover Opportunity Reaches 5000 Sols On Mars  

Pasadena CA (JPL) Feb 16, 2018 NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity keeps providing surprises about the Red Planet, most recently with observations of possible "rock stripes." The ground texture seen in recent images from the rover resembles a smudged version of very distinctive stone stripes on some mountain slopes on Earth that result from repeated cycles of freezing and thawing of wet soil. But it might also be

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2018-02-16 06:14:28



Repetition key to self-healing, flexible medical devices  

University Park PA (SPX) Feb 13, 2018 Medical devices powered by synthetic proteins created from repeated sequences of proteins may be possible, according to materials science and biotechnology experts, who looked at material inspired by the proteins in squid ring teeth. "The question we had was whether we could make flexible and self-healing medical devices to work on protons the way biological systems do," said Melik Demirel

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2018-02-16 05:39:29



Tricking photons leads to first-of-its-kind laser breakthrough  

Orlando FL (SPX) Feb 15, 2018 A team of optics researchers from the University of Central Florida has demonstrated the first-ever nonmagnetic topological insulator laser, a finding that has the potential to substantially improve the efficiency, beam quality, and resilience of semiconductor laser arrays. These results are presented in two research papers, one describing the theory of topological lasers and the other exp

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2018-02-16 05:35:08



First 3-D imaging of excited quantum dots  

Washington DC (SPX) Feb 15, 2018 Quantum dots are rapidly taking center stage in emerging applications and research developments, from enhanced LCD TVs and thin-film solar cells, to high-speed data transfer and fluorescent labeling in biomedical applications. Researchers are still studying how to precisely control the growth of these nanoscale particles and their underlying quantum behavior. For instance, defects form dur

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2018-02-16 04:48:40



Physicists create new form of light  

Boston MA (SPX) Feb 16, 2018 Try a quick experiment: Take two flashlights into a dark room and shine them so that their light beams cross. Notice anything peculiar? The rather anticlimactic answer is, probably not. That's because the individual photons that make up light do not interact. Instead, they simply pass each other by, like indifferent spirits in the night. But what if light particles could be made to interac

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2018-02-16 04:35:28



Trump's Privatized ISS 'Not Impossible,' but Would Require 'Renegotiation'  

Moscow (Sputnik) Feb 16, 2018 US President Donald Trump wants to privatize the International Space Station, looking to turn the station into an orbiting real estate venture run not by the government, but by private industry. Radio Sputnik discussed plans to privatize the space station with Frans von der Dunk, professor of space law at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. According to the Washington Post report, Trump wa

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2018-02-16 04:11:11



Launch Reservation with Open Cosmos  

Tucson AZ (SPX) Feb 16, 2018 Vector, a nanosatellite launch company comprised of new-space and enterprise software industry veterans from SpaceX, Virgin Galactic, McDonnell Douglas, Boeing, Sea Launch and VMware and Open Cosmos, a space mission provider, has announced an agreement to reserve five orbital launches between 2019 and 2023 on the Vector-R launch vehicle. The announcement comes in advance of Vector's first orbita

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2018-02-16 04:06:54



Russian Resupply Ship Delivers Three Tons of Cargo  

Moscow (Sputnik) Feb 16, 2018 Russian Progress MS-08 cargo spacecraft automatically docked on Thursday with the International Space Station (ISS) after being launched on Tuesday atop the Soyuz-2.1a rocket from the Baikonur cosmodrome, a Sputnik correspondent reported from the Mission Control Center. "There is a docking! There is a mechanical capture," a commentator at the control center said hours after the Soyuz-2.1a

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2018-02-16 03:42:39



140 successful tests and several "firsts" for Vinci, the engine for Ariane 6  

Vernon, France (SPX) Feb 16, 2018 The re-ignitable Vinci, engine, which will power the upper stage of the Ariane 6 launcher, has now successfully completed its last two subsystems qualification campaigns (M6 and M7) with 140 engine tests conducted. The tests in campaigns M6 and M7, vital for qualification of the engine subsystems, were carried out on the PF52 bench at the ArianeGroup site in Vernon, France, and on the Germ

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2018-02-16 03:20:30



Hubble sees Neptune's mysterious shrinking storm   

Baltimore MD (SPX) Feb 16, 2018 Three billion miles away on the farthest known major planet in our solar system, an ominous, dark storm - once big enough to stretch across the Atlantic Ocean from Boston to Portugal - is shrinking out of existence as seen in pictures of Neptune taken by NASA's Hubble Space Telescope. Immense dark storms on Neptune were first discovered in the late 1980s by NASA's Voyager 2 spacecraft. Sin

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2018-02-16 02:53:55



Kepler Scientists Discover Almost 100 New Exoplanets  

Copenhagen, Denmark (SPX) Feb 16, 2018 Based on data from NASA's K2 mission an international team of scientists have just confirmed nearly 100 new exoplanets, planets located outside our solar system. This brings the total number of new exoplanets found with the K2 mission up to almost 300. The new results are to be published in the Astronomical Journal. "We started out analyzing 275 candidates of which 149 were validated as re

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2018-02-16 02:26:39



Astronomers Concerned with Proposed Cancellation of Space Telescope  

Washington DC (SPX) Feb 15, 2018 Sharing alarm voiced by other scientists, leaders of the American Astronomical Society (AAS) are expressing grave concern over the administration's proposed cuts to NASA's astrophysics budget and the abrupt cancellation of the Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST). "We cannot accept termination of WFIRST, which was the highest-priority space-astronomy mission in the most recent dec

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2018-02-15 07:31:46



Long March rockets on ambitious mission in 2018  

Xichang, China (XNA) Feb 15, 2018 The Long March-3B rocket launched Monday from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in southwest China's Sichuan Province marked the seventh successful mission of the Long March rocket series since the beginning of 2018. The year 2018 will be an ambitious year for China's space program, with the largest number of Long March rocket launches. According to Cen Zheng, rocket system command

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2018-02-15 07:08:50



Air Force makes way for the B-21 Raider to replace B-1B, B-2 bombers  

Washington (UPI) Feb 13, 2018 The U.S. Air Force has rolled out plans to phase out the B-1B and B-2 bomber fleets as it makes way for the new B-21 Raider, which is currently under development by Northrop Grumman. Air Force officials on Monday made public their bomber fleet plans during a Pentagon press briefing for the service's 2019 fiscal year budget request. "As part of our decisions presented in the FY19

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2018-02-15 06:22:32



The search for dark matter: Axions have ever fewer places to hide  

Warsaw, Poland (SPX) Feb 15, 2018 If they existed, axions - one of the candidates for particles of the mysterious dark matter - could interact with the matter forming our world, but they would have to do this to a much, much weaker extent than it has seemed up to now. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been imposed by an international team of scientists responsible for the nEDM experiment. The lates

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2018-02-15 05:53:40



Milky Way ties with neighbor in galactic arms race  

Perth, Australia (SPX) Feb 15, 2018 Astronomers have discovered that our nearest big neighbour, the Andromeda galaxy, is roughly the same size as the Milky Way. It had been thought that Andromeda was two to three times the size of the Milky Way, and that our own galaxy would ultimately be engulfed by our bigger neighbour. But the latest research, evens the score between the two galaxies. It found the weight of th

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2018-02-15 05:52:37



Researchers take terahertz data links around the bend  

Providence RI (SPX) Feb 12, 2018 An off-the-wall new study by Brown University researchers shows that terahertz frequency data links can bounce around a room without dropping too much data. The results are good news for the feasibility of future terahertz wireless data networks, which have the potential to carry many times more data than current networks. Today's cellular networks and Wi-Fi systems rely on microwave radia

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2018-02-15 05:20:39



Advances in lasers get to the long and short of it  

Washington DC (SPX) Feb 12, 2018 Since lasers were first developed, the demand for more adaptable lasers has only increased. Chiral nematic liquid crystals (CLCs) are an emerging class of lasing devices that are poised to shape how lasers are used in the future because of their low thresholds, ease of fabrication, and ability to be tuned across wider swaths of the electromagnetic spectrum. New work on how to select band-edge mo

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2018-02-15 04:27:51



Chimpanzee self-control is related to intelligence  

Atlanta GA (SPX) Feb 12, 2018 As is true in humans, chimpanzees' general intelligence is correlated to their ability to exert self-control and delay gratification, according to new research at Georgia State University. The research finding relates back to the famous "marshmallow test," an experiment originally performed at Stanford University in the 1960s. In the test, children are given the choice of taking a small, i

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2018-02-15 04:10:10



Research will help scientists understand how stars create elements  

Canberra, Australia (SPX) Feb 13, 2018 New research involving The Australian National University (ANU) has, for the first time, demonstrated a long-theorised nuclear effect, in a feat that will help scientists understand how stars evolve and produce elements such as gold and platinum. Physicists first predicted the effect, called Nuclear Excitation by Electron Capture (NEEC), more than 40 years ago, but this research was the fi

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2018-02-15 03:14:12



NASA's OSIRIS-REx Captures New Earth-Moon Image  

Washington DC (SPX) Feb 15, 2018 As part of an engineering test, NASA's OSIRIS-REx spacecraft captured this image of the Earth and Moon using its NavCam1 imager on January 17 from a distance of 39.5 million miles (63.6 million km). When the camera acquired the image, the spacecraft was moving away from home at a speed of 19,000 miles per hour (8.5 kilometers per second). Earth is the largest, brightest spot in the center

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2018-02-15 03:05:22



Recreating outer space in the lab  

Sendai, Japan (SPX) Feb 15, 2018 Thermodynamics provides insight into the internal energy of a system and the energy interaction with its surroundings. This relies on the local thermal equilibrium of a system. A challenging topic of research has been the application of classical thermodynamics to out of equilibrium systems, e.g., granular gas and materials, the construction of phase diagrams in hard sphere packing in 3D, and pl

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2018-02-15 03:02:14



New malleable 'electronic skin' self-healable, recyclable  

Boulder CO (SPX) Feb 12, 2018 University of Colorado Boulder researchers have developed a new type of malleable, self-healing and fully recyclable "electronic skin" that has applications ranging from robotics and prosthetic development to better biomedical devices. Electronic skin, known as e-skin, is a thin, translucent material that can mimic the function and mechanical properties of human skin. A number of different

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2018-02-15 02:23:06



Supermassive black hole model predicts characteristic light signals at cusp of collision  

Rochester NY (SPX) Feb 15, 2018 A new simulation of supermassive black holes--the behemoths at the centers of galaxies--uses a realistic scenario to predict the light signals emitted in the surrounding gas before the masses collide, said Rochester Institute of Technology researchers. The RIT-led study represents the first step toward predicting the approaching merger of supermassive black holes using the two channels of

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2018-02-15 01:58:42



Deep-sea fish use hydrothermal vents to incubate eggs  

University Park PA (SPX) Feb 13, 2018 Some deep-sea skates - cartilaginous fish related to rays and sharks - use volcanic heat emitted at hydrothermal vents to incubate their eggs, according to a new study in the journal Scientific Reports. Because deep-sea skates have some of the longest egg incubation times, estimated to last more than four years, the researchers believe the fish are using the hot vents to accelerate embryo develo

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2018-02-15 01:35:45



Farewell to a Pioneering Pollution Sensor  

Pasadena CA (JPL) Feb 14, 2018 On Jan. 31, NASA ended the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer's (TES) almost 14-year career of discovery. Launched in 2004 on NASA's Aura spacecraft, TES was the first instrument designed to monitor ozone in the lowest layers of the atmosphere directly from space. Its high-resolution observations led to new measurements of atmospheric gases that have altered our understanding of the Earth system

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2018-02-13 23:32:49



Airbus and human spaceflight: from Spacelab to Orion  

Noordwijk, Netherlands (SPX) Feb 13, 2018 Thirty-four years ago, Spacelab was placed in orbit, paving the way for Europe's human spaceflight programme. It began a legacy of pioneering technology that includes the ATVs, Columbus and the Orion European Service Module. Spacelab's launch on 28 November 1983 was the first of 22 Spacelab missions involving cutting-edge scientific experiments in fields such as new materials, processing o

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2018-02-13 20:50:38



'Oumuamua has been tumbling about the universe for a billion years  

Washington (UPI) Feb 12, 2018 The first intergalactic object observed by scientists, a massive orb named 'Oumuamua, has been tumbling about the universe for at least a billion years, new research suggests. 'Oumuamua first appeared last fall. Scientists originally thought it was a comet, but when the orb swung around the sun without melting, researchers determined it was most likely an asteroid. One study show

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2018-02-13 20:24:29



The robots will see you now  

Brooklyn NY (SPX) Feb 08, 2018 For more than a decade, biomimetic robots have been deployed alongside live animals to better understand the drivers of animal behavior, including social cues, fear, leadership, and even courtship. The encounters have always been unidirectional; the animals observe and respond to the robots. But in the lab of Maurizio Porfiri, a professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering at the NYU Tandon

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2018-02-13 17:54:26



DARPA Marks Its 60th Anniversary  

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Washington DC (SPX) Feb 09, 2018 On this day in 1958, four months after the Soviet Union boosted the intensity of the Cold War by launching humanity's first satellite, then Secretary of Defense Neil McElroy established the Advanced Research Projects Agency with this mandate: "to provide within the Department of Defense an agency for the direction and performance of certain advanced research and

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2018-02-13 17:38:02



Alleged Iranian UAV captured by Israel is 'copy' of US' Sentinel UAV  

Moscow (Sputnik) Feb 13, 2018 A drone captured by the Israeli Air Force over the weekend, which Israel claims belongs to Iran, is essentially a "copy" of a Lockheed Martin Sentinel drone made for the US Air Force and Central Intelligence Agency that was shot down in Iranian skies in 2011 by Iranian forces. "It's a copy of a similar system that fell in Iran," Israeli Brig. Gen. Tomer Bar told Defense News Monday.

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2018-02-13 14:54:51



Danish architect envisions life on Mars  

Dubai (XNA) Feb 14, 2018 Could humans ever live on Mars? Award-winning architect gave a positive answer and even a timescale to this question: in 100 years. Bjarke Ingels, named by Time magazine in 2016 as among the "100 Most Influential People in the World," said he had already been working at the first step of human's occupation of the planet - a project called Mars Science City. The 140-million-U.S.-dolla

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2018-02-13 13:10:10



Self-Driving Servicer Now Baselined for NASA's Restore-L Satellite-Servicing Demonstration  

Greenbelt MD (SPX) Feb 14, 2018 One test changed the fortunes of an advanced 3-D imaging lidar system now baselined for NASA's Restore-L project that will demonstrate an autonomous satellite-servicing capability. Officials with NASA's Satellite Servicing Projects Division, or SSPD, have officially baselined the Kodiak system - formerly known as the Goddard Reconfigurable Solid-state Scanning Lidar, or GRSSLi - to provide

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2018-02-13 12:01:33



Why Russia is one step ahead of US Army's plans for future GPS  

Moscow (Sputnik) Feb 12, 2018 The Pentagon and Israel's Defense Ministry have launched 'Urban Navigation Challenge', a startup competition to create advanced 'counter-terror' navigation systems which don't use GPS. The project makes no mention of officially designated US "rivals" like Russia or China, but according to Russian experts, it would make no difference even if it did. The project, officially dubbed the Combat

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2018-02-13 11:57:25



A Piece of Mars is Going Home  

Pasadena CA (JPL) Feb 14, 2018 A chunk of Mars will soon be returning home. A piece of a meteorite called Sayh al Uhaymir 008 (SaU008) will be carried on board NASA's Mars 2020 rover mission, now being built at the agency's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. This chunk will serve as target practice for a high-precision laser on the rover's arm. Mars 2020's goal is ambitious: collect samples from the Red

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2018-02-13 07:57:56



Programming drones to fly in the face of uncertainty  

Boston MA (SPX) Feb 13, 2018 Companies like Amazon have big ideas for drones that can deliver packages right to your door. But, even putting aside the policy issues, programming drones to fly through cluttered spaces like cities is difficult. Being able to avoid obstacles while traveling at high speeds is computationally complex, especially for small drones that are limited in how much they can carry on-board for real-time

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2018-02-13 06:53:38



Airbus to pay 81 mn euros to end German corruption probe  

Frankfurt Am Main (AFP) Feb 9, 2018 European aircraft manufacturer Airbus on Friday said it had agreed to pay a fine of 81.25 million euros ($99 million) to end a German corruption probe into the 2003 sale of Eurofighter jets to Austria. Prosecutors in Munich said in a statement that their investigation did not find evidence of bribery to secure the lucrative contract. But they said Airbus management had failed in its supe

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2018-02-13 06:02:28



A new radiation detector made from graphene  

Washington DC (SPX) Feb 12, 2018 Graphene is a remarkable material: light, strong, transparent and electrically conductive. It can also convert heat to electricity. Researchers have recently exploited this thermoelectric property to create a new kind of radiation detector. Classified as a bolometer, the new device has a fast response time and, unlike most other bolometers, works over a wide range of temperatures. With a s

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2018-02-13 05:49:28



In Oman desert, European venture sets sights on Mars  

Dhofar, Oman (AFP) Feb 8, 2018 Would-be astronauts in aluminium-coated suits venture out in rovers from a sprawling camp in Oman's barren desert: a simulation by a European venture aiming to one day help humans survive on Mars. Behind a barbed wire fence protected by soldiers from the Gulf sultanate, researchers in prefab facilities work away on experiments that include trying to grow vegetables in inhospitable terrain ch

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2018-02-13 05:20:42



Bursting with Excitement - A Look at Bubbles and Fluids in Space  

Houston TX (SPX) Feb 13, 2018 Watching a bubble float effortlessly through the International Space Station may be mesmerizing and beautiful to witness, but that same bubble is also teaching researchers about how fluids behave differently in microgravity than they do on Earth. The near-weightless conditions aboard the station allow researchers to observe and control a wide variety of fluids in ways that are not possible on Ea

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2018-02-13 04:40:41



Where no mission has gone before  

Paris (ESA) Feb 12, 2018 Living near a star is risky business, and positioning a spacecraft near the Sun is a very good way to observe rapidly changing solar activity and deliver early warning of possibly harmful space weather. ESA is now looking at doing just that. On most days, our normally calm Sun goes about its business, delivering a steady and predictable amount of heat and light that keeps planet Earth and its hu

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2018-02-13 04:23:25



Transportable optical clock used to measure gravitation for the first time  

Berlin, Germany (SPX) Feb 13, 2018 A European collaboration involving clock experts from the National Physical Laboratory (NPL), the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) and the Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica (INRIM) has used one of the world's transportable optical atomic clocks to measure gravitation for the first time. The results of the experiment were published in Nature Physics. Until now, such delic

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2018-02-13 04:18:05



NASA's Continued Focus on Returning U.S. Human Spaceflight Launches  

Washington DC (SPX) Feb 13, 2018 NASA's Commercial Crew Program and private industry partners, Boeing and SpaceX, continue to develop the systems that will return human spaceflight to the United States. Both commercial partners are undertaking considerable amounts of testing in 2018 to prove space system designs and the ability to meet NASA's mission and safety requirement for regular crew flights to the International Space Sta

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2018-02-13 04:17:52



NASA Acting Administrator's Statement on FY 2019 Budget Proposal  

Washington DC (SPX) Feb 13, 2018 The following is a statement from acting NASA Administrator Robert Lightfoot on the Fiscal Year 2019 agency budget proposal. "It is my privilege [today] to present President Trump's Fiscal Year 2019 budget request of $19.9 billion for NASA. It reflects the administration's confidence that through NASA leadership, America will lead the way back to the Moon and take the next giant leap from

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2018-02-13 04:15:34



Russia launches cargo spacecraft after aborted liftoff  

Moscow (AFP) Feb 13, 2018 Russia on Tuesday launched an unmanned Progress cargo ship to the International Space Station after a glitch led officials to postpone the planned liftoff two days earlier. The Soyuz rocket carrying the Progress ship took off from the snow-covered Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at 11:15 am Moscow time (0815 GMT) and reached its designated orbit several minutes later, the Russian space a

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2018-02-13 04:05:05



ESA Creates Quietest Place In Space  

Paris (ESA) Feb 12, 2018 Imagine a packed party: music is blaring and you can feel the bass vibrate in your chest, lights are flashing, balloons are falling from the ceiling and the air is filled with hundreds of separate conversations. At the same time your cell phone is vibrating in your pocket and your drink is fizzing in the glass. Now imagine you can block out this assault on your senses to create a perfectly

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2018-02-13 04:01:43



Micro to macro mapping - Observing past landscapes via remote-sensing  

Cambridge UK (SPX) Feb 13, 2018 Remotely detecting changes in landforms has long relied upon the interpretation of aerial and satellite images. Effective interpretation of these images, however, can be hindered by the environmental conditions at the time the photo was taken, the quality of the image and the lack of topographical information. More recently, data produced by photogrammetry and Light Detection and Ranging (

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2018-02-13 03:57:35



Improving drone performance in headwinds  

Sendai, Japan (SPX) Feb 12, 2018 Is it a bird? Is it a plane? The prevalence of multi-rotor drones has increased dramatically in recent years, but in headwinds they pitch upwards unpredictably. Engineers from Tohoku University, Japan, have shown that angling the rotor blades of a quad-rotor unmanned aerial vehicles by just 20 degrees can reduce pitching by a quarter. Their work is published in the International Journal of Micro

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2018-02-13 03:20:30



Chinese company hitches space ride on UK satellite  

Beijing (XNA) Feb 12, 2018 A United Kingdom satellite company has secured a 25-million-pound ($35 million) contract to lend a high-resolution Earth observation spacecraft to a Chinese partner for seven years. Beijing-based Twenty First Century Aerospace Technology Co will lease the satellite from Guildford-based Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd. The satellite will be launched on the Indian Space Research Organisation

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2018-02-13 03:05:31



ESA Cluster mission unveils the magnetosphere  

Paris (ESA) Feb 13, 2018 As inhabitants of the third rock from the Sun, we have a vested interest in understanding our home planet and its environment. Among the flotilla of spacecraft that have been sent to investigate Earth from space are the four spacecraft of the Cluster mission. Since 2000, they have been tirelessly gathering vital data about the magnetic environment around our planet and, in the process, about one

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2018-02-13 02:46:08



Mars Opportunity Rover Energy Levels Improve  

Pasadena CA (JPL) Feb 13, 2018 Opportunity is continuing her exploration of "Perseverance Valley" on the west rim of Endeavour Crater. The rover has moved along the north fork of a local flow channel about half way down the valley. Greatly improved energy levels from dust cleaning of the solar arrays has allowed the rover to be active longer each day and occasionally overnight. On Sol 4986 (Feb. 1, 2018), the robo

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2018-02-13 02:31:08



US wants to privatize International Space Station: report  

Washington (AFP) Feb 11, 2018 Could the International Space Station become a commercial venture run by private industry? That is the wish of the White House, which hopes to end funding for the costly program within a few years, The Washington Post reported Sunday. The US plan, the paper said, involves privatizing the ISS, a low-orbit space station piloted by the US space agency NASA and developed jointly with its Ru

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2018-02-13 01:45:28





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